The Benefits of the Great Outdoors

There are surprising benefits to gardening, and that’s beyond the vegetables and herbs that end up on your table.

According to UNC Health internal medicine physician Robert Hutchins, MD, MPH, the work of caring for a garden, “…provides some cardiovascular benefit.” It can
also improve hand strength, and n fact, inhaling M. vaccae, a healthy bacteria that lives in soil, can increase levels of serotonin, which in turn reduces anxiety.

Gardening gets you outdoors, so you can get a healthy dose of vitamin D. About 42% of the US population is vitamin D deficient, and this includes pre-menopausal women, those with poor nutrition habits, people over age 65, and those who spend more time indoors than outdoors. A vitamin D deficiency has been shown to produce worse outcomes for those who catch the COVID-19 virus.

According to the AARP, a 2006 study found that gardening can lower risk of dementia by 36%. Researchers tracked more than 2,800 people over the age of 60 for 16 years and concluded that physical activity, particularly gardening, could reduce the incidence of dementia in future years.

Your garden can produce helpful herbs, such as lavender, which has a calming effect. Basil and parsley not only tastes good but can reduce abdominal gas. Mint helps with digestion, which is why peppermint has often been served as an after-dinner mint. Rosemary really is for remembrance—the aroma of it has been shown to improve memory in those who are regularly exposed to it.

Other studies have shown that spending at least two hours a week outdoors, in nature, produces better health and a stronger sense of well-being. You might want to consider planting a butterfly garden with perennial wildflowers that attract these beautiful insects. Or perhaps a hummingbird garden, with a mix of colorful plants and trees. At The Spruce you can find tips for planning out such a garden. The fall and winter are great times to make such plans, and then you’ll be ready in spring to get your garden started.

Or consider digging up some soil now in the fall to plant bulbs outside, which will appreciate the winter cold and produce flowers in the spring.
If a garden sounds like too much work, think about just taking a walk and scattering wildflower seeds as you go. At Plants of the Southwest you’ll find a huge assortment of native New Mexican wildflowers that will add color to your area.

Get the kids outside, too. A study that tracked more than 3,000 children living in southern California over eight years found that those who close to parks had lower Body Mass Indexes at age 18 than those who lived further away. So getting outside, and digging into the dirt, is a good way to loose a few pounds.

Finally, if nothing else, take your coffee out onto the porch to enjoy the sunrise and a lovely morning, or get out in the evening for a short walk to enjoy the beauty around you and listen to bird songs and take some deep breaths. It’s a path to a longer, more sustainable life.

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What Exactly is Sustainability?

Here/s a good definition: Sustainability focuses on meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs. The concept of sustainability is composed of three pillars: economic, environmental, and social—also known informally as profits, planet, and people.
Profits: Sustainability focuses on equal economic growth that generates wealth for all without harming the environment.
Planet: Sustainability is concerned with assuming that nature and the environment are not an inexhaustible resource and so, it is necessary to protect them and use them rationally.
People: Sustainability promotes social development, seeking cohesion between communities and cultures to achieve satisfactory levels in quality of life, health and education.
Nowadays, many of the challenges that humans face such as climate change or water scarcity can only be tackled from a global perspective and by promoting sustainable development.
People who act sustainably act in the present thinking about the future.
Now, what are some common myths about sustainability.
Myth 1: Nobody knows what sustainability really means.
That’s not even close to being true. By all accounts, the modern sense of the word entered the lexicon in 1987 with the publication of Our Common Future, by the United Nations World Commission on Environment and Development. That report defined sustainable development as “development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.”
Myth 2: Sustainability is all about the environment.
If too many of us use resources inefficiently or generate waste too quickly for the environment to absorb and process, future generations obviously won’t be able to meet their needs. But it’s also about the economy. We have an economy where we steal the future, sell it in the present, and call it GDP [gross domestic product].”
In modern terms, because humans evolved in a nontechnological world, we seem to need some connection to nature to be content. That concept is tough to prove scientifically. Nevertheless, says Nancy Gabriel, program director at the Sustainability Institute in Hartland, Vt., “If you look at Western society, you have huge rates of depression, isolation, [and] people who are disenfranchised. I think that reconnecting to the land is an important way of reestablishing a basic level of happiness.” That kind of intangible connection has led towns, cities and states all over the U.S., but especially in built-up areas, to preserve land for open space.
Myth 3: “Sustainable” is a synonym for “green.”
Although there’s a fair amount of overlap between the terms, “green” usually suggests a preference for the natural over the artificial. With some six billion people on the planet today, and another three billion expected by the middle of the century, society cannot hope to give them a comfortable standard of living without a heavy dependence on technology. Electric cars, wind turbines and solar cells are the antithesis of natural—but they allow people to get around, warm their houses and cook their food with renewable resources (or at least, a much smaller input of nonrenewables) while emitting fewer noxious chemicals.
It’s probably more difficult to see nuclear power as sustainable. Unlike the other alternative energy sources, it has long been anathema to environmentalists, largely because of the problem of storing radioactive waste. But nuclear reactors are also a highly efficient source of power, emit no pollutant gases and—with some types, anyway—can be designed to generate minimal waste and to be essentially meltdown-proof. That’s why Patrick Moore, a co-founder of Greenpeace, has become a nuclear booster and why many other environmentalists are beginning—sometimes grudgingly—to entertain the idea of embracing nuclear. Calling it green would be a stretch. Calling it sustainable is much less of one.
Myth 4: It’s all about recycling.
“I get that a lot,” says Shana Weber, the manager of sustainability at Princeton University. “For some reason, recycling was the enduring message that came out of the environmental movement in the early 1970s.” And of course, recycling is important: reusing metals, paper, wood and plastics rather than tossing them reduces the need to extract raw materials from the ground, forests and fossil-fuel deposits. More efficient use of pretty much anything is a step in the direction of sustainability. But it is just a piece of the puzzle. “I deal with the people who run the recycling program here,” Weber notes, “but also with purchasing, dining services, the people who clean the buildings. The most important areas by far in terms of sustainability are energy and transportation.” If you think you are living sustainably because you recycle, she says, you need to think again.
Myth 5: Sustainability is too expensive.
If there is an 800-pound gorilla in the room of sustainability, this myth is it. That’s because, as Gabriel observes, “there’s a grain of truth to it.” But only a grain. “It’s only true in the short term in certain circumstances,” Cortese says, “but certainly not in the long term.” The truth lies in the fact that if you already have an unsustainable system in place—a factory or a transportation system, for example, or a furnace in your house, an incandescent lightbulb in your lamp or a Hummer in your driveway—you have to spend some money up front to switch to a more sustainable technology.
In general, governments and companies can take that step more easily than individuals can. “Over the past seven years,” Cortese explains, “DuPont has made investments that have reduced its greenhouse gas emissions by 72 percent over 1990 levels. They’ve saved $2 billion.” The Pentagon is determined to cut its energy use by a third, both to save money and to reduce its dependence on risky foreign oil supplies.
Myth 6: Sustainability means lowering our standard of living.
Not at all true. It does mean that we have to do more with less, but as Hawken argues, “Once we start to organize ourselves and innovate within that mind-set, the breakthroughs are extraordinary. They will allow us to achieve greatly superior rates of resource productivity, which in turn allow us to be prosperous, fed, clad, secure.” Moreover, he and others maintain that the innovation at the heart of sustainable living will be a powerful economic engine. “Addressing climate change,” he says, “is the biggest job creation program there is.”
Myth 7: Consumer choices and grassroots activism, not government intervention, offer the fastest, most efficient routes to sustainability.
Popular grassroots actions are helpful and ultimately necessary. But progress on some reforms, such as curbing CO2 emissions, can only happen quickly if central authorities commit to making it happen. That is why tax credits, mandatory fuel-efficiency standards and the like are pretty much inevitable. That conclusion drives free-market evangelists crazy, but they operate on the assumption that wasteful use of resources and the destruction of the environment is without cost, which is demonstrably untrue.

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Sustainability Info – Workshops & Farmer’s Markets

With spring coming, farmer’s markets will be starting up again in Socorro, Magdalena, Quemado, Glenwood, Silver City and other locations. You can find the nearest farmer’s market online and also look up what’s in season in New Mexico. Early carrots, lettuce, peas, spinach, red Chiles, garlic and other greens will be coming up in March. Many farmer’s markets also offer local honey, handmade breads, jams and jellies, and local meal and poultry.

Near Socorro, you can stop by Bee Chama to tour the facility and get some local honey, or shop online for their honey. You can also buy onlline. Pollo Real, also near Socorro, offers local and heritage chickens and meat poultry, and can be found at many farmer’s markets, or online at Pollo Real. Dunhill Ranch near Magdelena also offer sustainable, locally raised lamb and appears both at farmer’s markets and sells online.

Spring is also the time to start thinking about getting outdoors again. Not only can you start thinking ahead to a spring garden, you might want to consider a workshop to help spark your interest and get some new ideas. UNM offers programs in sustainability, as well as a degree, and these upcoming workshops:

Improving Desert Garden Soil, March 7, 2020 8:30 AM, Open Space Visitor Center, 6500 Coors Blvd NW, Albuquerque

Improving Desert Garden Soil: Amending desert garden soil is a continuous effort. The class will cover the basics soil constituents, soil testing and the benefits of the soil food web. The value of humus in finished compost will be prominent in the discussion. Options for improving soil fertility and resiliency in the face of warm temperatures and low precipitation will be presented. Useful take-home information will allow participants to plan for and implement soil amending practices right away. Prior to the class a useful read, The Soul of the Soil by Grace Gershuny, posted at Reading Materials. To register, call 505-897-8831 or send email to

Raised Bed Gardening and Composting, March 28, 2020 9:30 AM, Open Space Visitor Center, 6500 Coors Blvd NW, Albuquerque

Raised Bed Gardening and Composting: Raised garden beds in the high desert present many useful options for home gardeners. Soil, amendments, mulches and irrigation methods are well-contained by raised beds. The class will will cover set-up, soil, irrigation, mulching, and sheet composting for soil fertility in a raised bed.To register, call 505-897-8831 or send email to

Home Composting Basics, April 8, 2020 6:00 PM, Larry Abraham Agri-Nature Center , 4920 Rio Grande NW, Los Ranchos de Albuquerque

Home Composting Basics: Home composting is recycling that produces a useful soil conditioner. Basic science will be presented with a special focus on useful practices for a high desert climate. A variety of home composting options will be covered. Useful take-home information will help a participant get started and / or improve an already chosen composting method. Prior to the class it may be useful to read our brochures: (1) Composting in the Desert, and (2) Selecting a Method that Works for You. There will be a $5 charge for this class. Pay cash at the door. To register, send email to

Improving Desert Garden Soil, April 15, 2020 10:00 AM, Bear Canyon Senior Center, Room 5, 4645 Pitt NE, Albuquerque

Improving Desert Garden Soil: Amending desert garden soil is a continuous effort. The class will cover the basics soil constituents, soil testing and the benefits of the soil food web. The value of humus in finished compost will be prominent in the discussion. Options for improving soil fertility and resiliency in the face of warm temperatures and low precipitation will be presented. Useful take-home information will allow participants to plan for and implement soil amending practices right away. Prior to the class a useful read, The Soul of the Soil by Grace Gershuny, posted at Reading Materials. To register call 505-767-5959 or send email to Instructor: Rye Bailey and Rod Reay.

More information on UNM programs and their sustainability newsletters can be found online.

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Sustainable Gift Giving

We’ve all struggled to figure out what would be a good gift for loved one for a dear friend, and we’ve all made the mistake of buying a gift that ends up in a closet or re-gifted because it wasn’t wanted or wasn’t useful.

One way to make sure that your gift is useful and sustainable is to check out this list of items that you might want to consider giving this Christmas. Not only are these ideas practical and sustainable, they’re also very inexpensive and some of them are even free!

Reusable Water Bottles – these can not only be useful but they can be stylish and clever art on the bottles can be matched to a person’s likes to make the bottle the perfect gift. We’ve all seen empty plastic water bottles littering the sides of roads, parks, and even public places – one of these bottles will help reduce this litter, and if you buy an insulated bottle it will keep the cold beverage cold making for happier hydration!

Delightful Dinners – Surely, you know at least one coworker, friend, or family member who would be delighted to receive a home cooked meal she or he can pop in the oven or microwave or just eat after coming home from a hectic day of work, shopping, or volunteering. Give yourself extra credit for providing everything in reusable containers.

Labor of Love – giving the gift or your labor. Installing a low-flow showerhead, squirting caulking around drafty window frames, or spreading wood chips in the garden are all things that someone might appreciate you doing.

If you are mechanically inclined or tech savvy, friends or family members struggling to assemble a gift for someone else or trying to set up a social media account will appreciate you coming to the rescue.

You can give a gift like this with flair by using a computer to make up a fancy gift-certificate or even make your own with good-old-fashioned paper and pen!

Vintage Treasures – If you listen carefully to our friends and loved ones you might hear them mention something they really need – like a new coat, or a some kitchen item, or maybe a larger piece of luggage. Why not support your local church, Veterans, or non-profit by listening to your friend and getting them a vintage item that fits their needs. Most folks these days love receiving and re-using second-hand items. A fancy hand-made card and a re-used gift bag and your just a few minutes away from supporting a worthy charity, re-using a second-hand item, and giving a practical gift that’s truly useful.

Warm Up their Heart and More — During the winter, it seems like no matter how high you crank the heat the house never warms up to where you can walk around in a t-shirt. So help your loved ones warm up with gifts like scarves, sweaters, fingerless mittens, shawls, and slippers. Consider those those small blankets that are around 50” x 70” that you can wrap around your shoulders, tuck over your lap, or even cover yourself up with to take a nap. Not only will they be happy to be warm, they’ll save on heating costs.

Seed Packets – Winter is here now, Spring isn’t far away and this gift will have them thinking about warmer times – seeds! Did you know you can buy seed packets at the dollar store? You can even get little pots and maybe a bit of potting soil. Whether you buy them flowers, or fruits or vegetables this a gift that will be fun and useful for almost anyone.

Potted Herbs Plants —  Most people appreciate receiving live plants as a gift, but you can take this gift idea a step further by choosing a plant they can put to practical use several times a week. Providing a beautiful and useful gift really shows you took the time to think it out.

Rosemary bushes can grow quite large and make a more useful housewarming present than the traditional fichus. They also smell fantastic whenever you brush against them. Thai basil and sage are two other kitchen plants that can step up to the dinner plate on a regular basis.


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Natural Fruit

When I was a kid I grew up in a big city and I thought that fruit looked like it did in supermarkets — uniform giant fruit, much of it covered in wax so it’s shiny. I didn’t think anything about the fact that the fruit tasted a lot like cardboard, or that the wax they used was actually Carnauba wax, the same stuff you pay extra for at the car-wash to shine up your  car, or that the bitter taste on the skins of the fruit was me actually tasting the pesticides they put on them.

Since I’ve been in my adventure into the world of sustainability, and eating foods that are locally and organically grown, I’ve learned that fruit can actually be very delicious, have no bitterness, and often grow much smaller.

The picture is of a hand-full of organic peaches grown in my neighborhood. They’re literally bite sized, and sweeter and more flavorful than the supermarket variety. Life’s full of surprises!


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Sustainability for Pets

           Pets are good for our health—studies have shown that pet owners have lower blood pressure and cholesterol levels. Our fuzzy friends also reduce stress and prevent loneliness. Just watching a cat can improve your mood (often because you laugh at their antics). Pets can also be great exercise buddies. But are you thinking sustainable for your pets as well as yourself?

One thing to keep in mind with pets is that a little care can prevent huge vet bills. Make sure your dog has healthy treats to keep his or her teeth clean—that means buy those made in the US. Buck Bone makes organic chews. Shop also for not just the cheapest food, but those with good ingredients to ensure a healthy pet. Look for Darwin’s Natural Pet Products, Castor and Pollux and Henry’s Health Pet Food. If you shop for non-GMO and organic, you’re encouraging those companies with your dollars.

Honest Pet Products can be found online and they make toys for cats and dogs—they are also from a company dedicated to sustainability. Another company with a ‘reduced pawprint’ is Only Natural Pet, which is a great place to go shopping for everything your pet needs.

Other pet care options are to look for friendly flea and tick controls. Wondercide makes a variety of non-toxic pet care and grooming products. The upside is that not only are you not exposing your pet to chemicals, you’re keeping them away from yourself and the rest of the family.

All of this doesn’t have to be expensive, either. Consider making a dog tug-toy out of an old pair of jeans cut up and woven together—and what cat can resist a box that’s been put out. Keep an eye out for vet clinics to make sure your pets are up on all their shots—and to make sure they get spayed and neutered so you don’t end up with lots of dogs or cats to feed and care for. To reduce cost even more, consider making your own pet food. Back in the early 1900s there was no such thing as dog or cat food—they ate scraps, hunted for their food, and did very well. Dogs love meat scraps, cooked skin and organs, and cooked veggies. Cats need to stay on a meat diet, but again you can cook up the stuff you don’t want to eat, freeze it and thaw it for their meals. You can find recipes for cats online at and for dogs at, or just do a search for “make your own dog food” (or cat food) and you’ll find tons more recipes that will end up being cheaper than buying food. This also avoids the disaster of pet food recalls and possible vet trips for pets made sick by the wrong kind of food.

If your pet passes and you are thinking of getting a new pet, consider adoption. Fur and Feather has cats and dogs looking for good homes, and if you want a particular breed, go online and search for that breed’s rescue site in your area. If you do rescue a pet, it is a good idea to do an initial vet check up–and many areas have local pet funds to help you if you’re short of cash, so check with your vet about that. Remember, a little bit of care can prevent major problems down the line. The same goes for making sure your pets have clean water, some regular grooming to keep their coats clean, and then you can enjoy sitting down together to enjoy life. You and your pets will all live longer.

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Zeer Pots

Modern refrigeration uses quite a bit of electrical power (especially the older refrigerators made before the advent of Energy Star). And, they require constant availability of electricity, which, in areas with lots of brown-outs and black-outs can be a real issue.

There is a practical small-scale refrigeration solution that anyone make themselves for very little money, and best of all it uses no electricity at all. The device is called a “Zeer Pot” or “Pot-in-Pot Evaporative Refrigerator”, which made of two different sized clay pots with a layer of wet sand in between. The pot cools as the water evaporates which works best in warm, dry climates.

Evaporative coolers like the Zeer Pot have been around the Old Kingdom of Egypt, around 2500 B.C. For centuries in Spain, botijos, porous clay containers, are used to keep and to cool water and in the 1890s gold miners in Australia developed the Coolgardie safe, based on the same principles.

A Zeer Pot will keep items inside it about 15 to 20 degrees cooler than the surrounding area. This makes it ideal for storing fruits and vegetables, making them last much longer. You can cool drinks in a Zeer Pot, and it’s also great for storing butter to keep it cool and fresh yet not as hard-as-a-rock.

If you don’t already have the materials at hand, they can be purchased at any fair sized hardware store. You’ll need two unglazed terracotta clay flower pots of different sizes – The small one should be big enough to hold whatever you want to keep cold, and the large one should be big enough to hold the small one with about 2″ – 3″ around the edges; some sand; and a lid that fits the inner pot (this is optional).

First, cover the drain holes in each of the pots – this can be done with a sturdy, waterproof tape or epoxy, etc. Add a layer of sand to the larger pot, smoothing it out as you go. You need enough in the bottom of the large pot so that you can set the small pot inside it and have the lips of the two pots be on the same level. In fact, you should really have the inner pot just a tiny bit higher. Continue filling the space until you’ve reached the upper edges, and pack the sand down as much as you can.

Then add water. You’ll want to pour the water slowly onto the sand while constantly moving your water container–you don’t want to flood just one area. Keep filling until the sand is soaked, but don’t fill it so much that water is standing.

Move your Zeer Pot to its permanent home–it should be in a shaded location with good air circulation–such as a counter near a window. If you have a lid that fits the inner pot, use it, or just cover it with a damp piece of cotton cloth.

If the top half of the pot is turning dark, that’s a sign you need to add more water. You’ll need to water the sand once a day, usually in the morning. Try to elevate the entire pot on a wire rack to increase the amount area of the pot that is exposed to airflow.

A Zeer Pot is not a replacement for a modern refrigerator, but it can help keep cool items at hand, and help you become self-sufficient if you don’t have or don’t want electricity in your home.

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Farmer’s Markets

There are few things better than local produce, but you can get far more at local farmers markets. Eggs, honey, bread, jams and jellies, dried herbs, locally produced meats, and handcrafted goods can often be found for sale. You can find even more at
The New Mexico Farmers’ Marketing Association is dedicated to strengthening the local food system by supporting agriculture producers for a healthier New Mexico. Their website lists locations for local markets all over the state, including Magdalena, Glen-wood, Socorro, Silver City, Grants, Gallup, and even more spots. They also provide great recipes that use seasonally available produce.
Right now markets are just staring to gear up based on local weather and what’s seasonally available. Many markets will have root crops such as carrots, garlic, spinach, greens, and even some red chiles.
If you’re on the SNAP program and looking to extend the value of your food dollars, you can use the Double Up program. For every dollar you spend on fresh New Mexico grown fruits and vegetables, you get another dollar to spend on New Mexico produce. That’s more than a bargain.
Another advantage to shopping at local farmers markets is that you’re supporting your local farming community—every little bit helps our local farmers and ranchers. Local produce and meat will tend to be healthier for you as well. Recent studies have shown there are beneficial microbes in produce which tend to get washed away by large chains which try to sell the best-looking produce instead of the best for you
fruits and veggies. You’ll get a better taste as well from local produce. You can be sure you are buying fruits and vegetables that are in season, and which don’t have to be picked before they are ripe to allow for long-distance shipping.
Finally, shopping at a local farmers market will get you outside so you can start to enjoy some sunshine after this rather long, snowy winter. Local markets often have local entertainment as well as food ready to eat—maybe even some homemade tamales! That means you can make a day of your shopping trip. So pick a day, find a market and head out to become a regular shopper for home-grown goodness. You might even pick up some plants that you can put into your own garden for even fresher produce and herbs to add to your meals.

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Sustainability Tips

Image result for axe handle

Got a big drill or screw hole in a piece of wooden furniture, wood paneling, or door or window framing? Stick dip the tip of a wooden golf tee in wood glue then tap it into the hole with a hammer. Cut the excess off with a saw then repaint or refinish the wood.

If you’re worried your UPS or FedEx packages will be stolen from your porch, put a large beat-up and unattractive cardboard box, cooler, or other container with the bottom removed on your porch and have your package delivery company put your packages underneath it. Out of sight, out of mind.

Next time an axe, rake, shovel or other tool breaks, don’t buy another tool, just buy a replacement handle. Also, remember to keep those tools sharp! Sharp tools work much better than dull tools.

Use C-Clamps on your ladder at whatever height you need to keep tools just as a hammer at your fingertips.

Dip woodscrews in dishwashing liquid before driving them in to make them turn more easily.

To reduce splintered edges as a saw blade exits plywood, press masking tape onto the back side of the cut. The cut won’t be absolutely clean, but it will be better than without tape.

Have you ever pulled a drawer too far out and had the contents and the drawer itself crash to the floor? Here’s a solution – pull the drawer out as far as it’s safe to go then put some tape on the rail right where it protrudes from the cabinet. Look for that tape the next you pull the drawer and don’t pull it out past the tape!

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Ollas and Watering Stakes

Ollas (pronounced “oy-yahs”) are an ancient, highly efficient watering system in use for over 4,000 years. They are unglazed terracotta pots that are buried in the ground with the neck exposed above the soil surface and filled with water for sub-surface irrigation of plants.

The way it works is that the microporous (unglazed) walls that do not allow water to flow freely from the pot, but the water seeps down near the roots only as the plant needs it, never wasting a single drop. Ollas nearly eliminate the runoff and evaporation common in modern irrigation systems, allowing the plant to absorb nearly 100 percent of water.

To use ollas in a garden or farm, burry ollas in the soil leaving the top slightly protruding from the soil The olla is filled with water and the opening is then capped with a lid – such as rock, clay plate or other available material to prevent mosquito breeding, soil intrusion and evaporation. Depending on the size of the ollas, watering could be done weekly, or twice a month instead of daily.

A modern take on ollas are Terracotta Plant Watering Stakes. They are inserted into the ground near the plants, and then a bottle is filled with water and inserted upside-down into the hollow terracotta stake.

The advantages stakes have over ollas are numerous: they can be added to existing plants indoors and out, you can easily adjust the bottle size to accommodate how thirsty your plants are, they don’t need a lid as the bottle provides a good seal, and it’s much convenient to remove the empty bottle, fill it elsewhere, then put the now full bottle into to stake.

Also, if you’re planning to be away for a long time you can replace the normal wine bottle with a magnum to achieve a longer unattended watering cycle.

Ollas cost between $20 and $50 each depending on the size, whereas Watering Stakes cost as little as $3 each and do the same job (wine bottle not included).

Plants benefit tremendously from the use of this ancient technology. Plants do much better when they are watered deep near the roots, and when their water supply is regular rather than sporadic. So expect not only to use a fraction of the water you do now, expect your plants to grow bigger, healthier and to produce more flowers and better fruits and vegetables.

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